1 Thessalonians: recipient overview

1 Thessalonians map
Who are the recipients of 1st Thessalonians? There is much to learn about them just by isolating references to them and examining those in this epistle. I’ll start there. There are also details that help explain who the Thessalonians are in Acts 16 and 17. I’ll add those later. (You should read those exciting chapters for the big picture)

Who are the Thessalonians? The authors call them Brethren (1:4, 2:1, 9, 13, 5:4) which is the same tag used for Timothy (3:1-6). This tells me that they were equal in the sight of God to the authors, family. It is said that the “Word” came to them with power, IN the Holy Spirit. It wasn’t just philosophy as it was in Athens (Acts 17:22-32). How was the power manifest? The word came to them with tribulation (Acts 17:5) IN the joy of the Holy Spirit!! They turned from the icons of the local gods (idols, (Ephesians 6:2) to serve The God of gods and to wait for His Son to return. Unlike the Corinthian church, the Thessalonians believed that the Word they received was the Word of God himself (1 Corinthians 3:3-5). They are known as people of faith and of love (3:6) which was tested in suffering (2:15, Acts 17:5f) and as those who are very dear to the authors (2:8). They stood firm in the Lord (3:8) while loving those known as “brethren” (4:9) The book of Acts adds the mix of people. Paul first spoke in the Synagogue of the Jews (Acts 17:2) to people who worshiped YHVH, where there were Jewish people (Romans 3:1-2), God-fearing men (Non-Jewish men who followed the Scripture in every way except physical circumcision… which is why they are not known as proselytes, example, the centurion of Matthew 8:5-13) and some of the leading women of the area (Acts 17:4)

Where in the world (and the Spirit Realm) are they? Their synagogue (Acts 17:1-2) was located in the seaport city of Thessaloniki (have a peek at the map at the top of the page) That was their earthly location. In the spirit realm they were IN God and Y’shua-Jesus (1:1, John 14:19-24), IN the presence of YHVH (God the Father 1:3) and IN tribulation with the Holy Spirit (1:7, John 14:26).

What are they known for? Right away they are remembered by the authors for “their work of faith” The word work is from the Jewish Mitzvot, which is fulfilling the Torah. The same verse (1:3) tells me that they labor (physical work) in love with steadfast hope IN the Lord Jesus. They have power because they are IN the Holy Spirit (1:7). The Word of God came to them in Tribulation (Acts 17) but that could not stop them. The Word “sounded forth” from them (1:8). They are a community, a mix of bloodlines, who serve the creator instead of the local “principalities” (Ephesians 6:2) while waiting for the return of the Son of God whom they have only met “by faith”. The authors tell them that on the one hand, they are pleasing to God, but on the other, encourage them to excel in this (4:1). They are reminded that they know the commandments (4:2) and acknowledged for loving all the Brethren (5:14)

Problems that need addressing. I need to read between the lines a bit to address this question.

  • “be sober” is the exhortation to the “sons of day and light (5:4, and 8)
  • the “unruly” need to be admonished (5:14)
  • the “faint hearted” (encourage them 5:14)
  • the “weak” need help (5:14)
  • “despising prophetic utterances” Like the modern church, they did not trust anyone who said they had a word from the Lord. (5:20) The Thessalonians are encouraged to “examine carefully” what they are told. Hang on to what is good (in line with the Word), abstain from every form of evil (1 John 4:1-4)

The Thessalonians are a light in a dark world. They need to live as “children of the light” in the world, but not of it. Sounds like a good word for me, today

Debs in Everett, WA on October 18, 2017

Bomber

Our brave, goofy, dearly loved Bomber passed to the next life on Tuesday, October 17. We cannot stop crying. He was ready but I was not. He was such a gentle, loving soul yet more then once he was ready and willing to “terrier-up” putting himself between me and danger. Always by our side, he was Chris’ dog and camping buddy but he loved all of us (even though Chris was his hands down favorite). He walked through the nights with Jason when he was transitioning from who he was to who he is. He delighted in grumping with Ray, the other old man, about who gets how much space on the bed. He usually let Ray win but never skipped the routine. My sweet Rudy is not known for being brave or for making friends, Bomber was brave for him and was his only dog-friend. Me? I’m having a really difficult time, everywhere I went he was there, now he is not. If there are horses in heaven then surly there are dogs too. Good by sweet Bomber-Dear, I’ll see you on the other side. Mom.

My overview of the authors of 1 Thessalonians can be found by clicking HERE

Next up is an overview of the “other people” mentioned in this epistle (an epistle is a teaching letter)

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1 Thessalonians: author overview

My Wednesday night Bible study is doing First Thessalonians this year. Doing an overview is not part of what we do as a group but I personally find this helpful. I want to know, WHO wrote this book? WHAT are their circumstances and motivation for writing and WHERE were they when they wrote? Discovering the answers from their own hand helps me understand the message of the book. Finding the answers is not madness, it comes from method.

1 Thessalonians Author 1
I start my author overview by marking every reference to the author(s) and the verb connected to their name or pronoun with blue pencil. This makes it easier for me to go back to make my list about the author. My first list is all the information I find connected to their name. I like to put my list on one page so that I can analyze it without needing to flip paper to see everything. The first thing I will be looking for is, who is (are) the author(s), what do they say about themselves in general?

1 Thessalonians Author 2 There are three different people who credit themselves with authorship of this book. They are … (author information is from my past studies, not information pulled from this book)

Paul: a zealous man, raised by a family from Tarsus who were wealthy enough to send him to religious school in Jerusalem. He was raised by Rabbi’s from the time of his bar mitzvat. Rather then being a boarding school brat, he excelled in his studies. As a man, he became a leading member of TEAM TRADITION, persecuting any Jewish person who strayed from religion as he understood it. On a trip to Damascus, outside of the Roman empire, he had a dramatic confrontation with Jesus. From that day on, he was a believer in Y’shua-Jesus.

Sivanus: Very little is know about Sivanus or how he became a believer. Tradition says that he was one of the seventy whom Jesus sent out to witness to the Jews. If so, then he was a follower of The Way long before Paul. He may have even been one of the believers whom Paul persecuted

Timothy: This young man had a Jewish mother and a Greek father. His mother and grandmother were of the faith. Many believe that it was Paul rather then his mother or gram’ma who introduced him to salvation. However he happened to come to faith, he had an upbringing that was nearly the opposite of Paul’s yet Paul calls him his brother and fellow worker (1Thess 3:2)

What do they say about themselves? They are men who have been approved by God (as diverse as their backgrounds are). They are gentle, devout, upright, and blameless (1Thess 2:5, 10) They say they are constantly thankful to God (2:13). Thankfulness is important because it is an acknowledgement of God’s will for our lives. Next I am shocked by the statement that they are  “destined for affliction”. This is important next to their approval by God. The affliction they suffer could be wrongly interpreted as God’s rejection. Something I need to keep in mind when it seems as if nothing is going according to plan… or maybe worse, falls short of the expectations of others. The authors  are men who rejoice because of the Thessalonians, who are comforted by the faith of others and who pray with gusto. They also request prayer for themselves.

1 Thessalonians Author 3 This letter is to the Thessalonians but that is not where the authors are when they write. The text tells me that they are in the Greek city of Athens, not a very happy place for the Apostle Paul.

What are the authors circumstances? Chapter 2 starts out telling me that they have suffered yet they spoke the Gospel boldly to the Thessalonians when they were there. Now they are hindered by Jews who do not want to see gentiles excel at their own religion. They are hindered by Satan himself in their desire to return to Thessaloniki (the name of the city of the Thessalonians). But again they make sure I know that they thank God as acknowledgement of His will. Even so, they say that they are at the end of their endurance and are afraid (3:5), yet comforted by the news Timothy brings them after his visit to their Thessalonian church. They encourage the believers that, even though they themselves are destined for affliction, that is not their final destiny. They watch for Y’shua to return knowing that their ultimate destiny is eternal Salvation. This is their motivation to Live for Him (5:9-10). In fact, living for God may be the motivation for writing this letter. Most of chapters 4 and 5 are about how to live for God in this world.

The book closes letting us know that none of us are alone. The authors ask for prayer and for the letter to be read to other churches.

Today has been tough. The days ahead are days when we need to encourage each other to “stand firm” (the meaning of A’men) on the Word of God.

Debs in Everett WA, October 14, 2017 …who is about to start her overview of the recipients.

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Sweet Potato-Peanut Butter Dog Cookies

It was bound to happen. My Rudy and Bomber got old.

September Bomber & Rudy - Copy

Even worse, Bomber has cancer. We’ve done our weeping, though I’m sure we will do it again. He hurt his back chasing a rodent under the deck. WHAM he slammed his back into a cross-beam. It took about four days for him to go from middle age to fragile old dog. We did not know that his back was injured. We thought it was his hips and one shoulder that were hurting him. Within a week he could not really walk by himself, he didn’t want to eat or drink. I couldn’t accept that.

I started giving him water with a large syringe. I made dog food with different things he liked and fed it to him with chopsticks. Every two hours one of us would take him outside so that he could relieve himself. Every morning I expected to find that he had passed, but he held on. We made a decision to take him to the vet, ask for pain meds just to see if he might have one more tail wag before he left us. The vet took an x-ray and found that it was his back, not his hips that hurt. But he also found cancer in his shoulder and lungs. We made the decision to let the vet treat the back but not the cancer. Every day he has after Friday, October 6 (2017) is one day beyond the day we decided he would Dog Cookies 3not have to suffer any more. The short story? He is back up, enjoying life. The (maybe long story?) We are treating him to fight cancer as long as he can without medical treatment. I make organic food for him, give him water from the Berkey, herbal drops to fight free radicals while pumping up his immune system, and today, I am making him these cookies (he needs more groceries on board!!!) He likes the organic cookies Ray makes, but even organic sugar feeds the cancer.

 

 Sweet Potato-Peanut Butter Dog Cookies

  • Dog Cookies 22 cups organic rolled oats, ground into powder in the food processor.
  • 1 organic medium sweet potato (we cooked ours in the microwave out of habit, baked may be smarter), peeled and cut into chunks.
  • 1/2 cup organic, no sugar peanut butter (I used the kind that has coconut oil)
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder

Instructions

  1. Dog Cookies 1In a food processor, combine all ingredients until a rough dough forms. It should come together in a ball but should not stick to your hands
  2. Roll out the dough in batches to about 1/3 inch thick. Do not flour the board or the rolling pin (rolling pin really is not needed, you can press these small batches out with your hand)
  3. You can cut the rolled dough into ribbons or you may use a cookie cutter. Put the dough on a parchment-lined baking sheet. Bake 375F for 25 to 30 minutes until golden and crispy.
  4. Let cool and store air tight. They will keep for a few weeks if they are thoroughly dry before storage.

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Morning Devotions: Psalm 25:1

September TJ Flowers
Forty years as a Believer in Y’shua/Jesus, and I still get surprised when His Word takes me a direction I was not expecting. So there I was, going casually through Psalm 25, an acrostic (like A is for apple, B is for boy… ), which I love (Psalm 119 is a famous acrostic psalm)

To Thee, O LORD, I lift up my soul. Ps 25:1

Aleph is for EleKaa, which is a word for moving toward the goal. Believers walk The Way of the path of life (Which Y’shua promises will be narrow and difficult, Matthew 7:14) We do not walk The Way without a purpose. The Almighty is our goal. That is fairly straight forward. Then, for some reason, I looked up the Hebrew for soul. I know what that word is, but I did it anyway.

The meaning of the word for soul has to do with life. David said he lifted his life, his soul to YHVH. That was when the phrase, “The life is in the blood,” (Lev. 17:11) floated through my mind.

I am the temple of the living God (1 Cor 6:19). All those Sunday school lessons about “Inviting Jesus into your heart” came flooding back. The pictograph for the Hebrew word “heart,” LeB, is the shepherds house; just in case you, like I once did, think that telling children that they should invite Jesus into their hearts, is an incorrect concept. From the beginning, the heart actually is the throne of Y’shua! Track with me, it is the heart that directs the blood. The blood receives life giving oxygen and brings life to the body. It is directed and empowered in that task by the heart. Y’shua said, “…apart from me, you can do nothing” (John 15:5). Believers are empowered and directed by Y’shua. Like blood without a heart to direct, refresh and empower it, so we are nothing without Y’shua-Jesus.

To Thee, o LORD, I lift up my life. Do with it as you will. I’ve been feeling a little mopey at night. Night time is when I listen to my YouTube peeps. Coach Dave on Hagmann, Pastor Paul, Sky Watch. All of them have been talking about “doing” at a time when I no longer have a familiar place to “do”. I took that to the throne. I had a lousy attitude. Abba (Father) gave me a quick, encouraging response. I love being loved!

September Bomber & Rudy Part of that answer has to do with taking care of Bomber (the white Jack Russel). He has had some kind of event that makes it nearly impossible for him to stand up by himself. Added to all of his old injuries (he is a scamp!) he shuffles along with his Grandpa McCoy hobble. In just four days he went from being an active, older terrier to a weak, sad old man. Poor puppy! It has been two weeks now and he doesn’t seem sad anymore. He has accepted his new normal a lot quicker then I have accepted mine. The Almighty has given me inspiration in the loyal warmth of my son’s dog. Hallelujah!

September Fruit There were three other main parts of my “answer” of where my life is to be directed. One has to do with continuing to write (YES!) and the another has to do with farming our little bit of suburban land. I love both of those ministries as much as I love people. I will go where He directs me. Joy!

Ray and I have lived on far less money then we have right now. We are looking at the fun challenge of spending as little money as we can and still living large. The fun part is living a pioneer life in town and watching Abba provide everything we need, and a whole lot of what we want! Faith!

Another aspect of the answer was clear, “Kneel warrior!” Take up the cross and follow Y’shua. Pray!

Debs in Everett, Wa…. trying to organizeSeptember TJ Pumpkins a menu guideline and a shopping list for October. Remembering that I can do ALL things through Christ who strengthens me. (Phil 4:13)

*The picture of flowers was from an outdoor display at TJ’s in Everett, WA. Since we did not plant any pumpkins this year, I also took this picture of pumpkins from TJ’s… cause we gotta have pumpkins. September 26, 2017

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Morning Devotions: Unmasking Jesus

Can Jesus be found in the “Old” Testament? Yes, once you know where he has been hidden by the translators. I do not think less of those brave translators who spilled their blood to bring the words of the Almighty to me and you in a language we can understand. There were some things the Almighty hid from them. There were no conspiracies in their life’s work.

September 20, 2017

O LORD, in Your strength the king will be glad, and in your salvation how greatly he will rejoice!

You have given him his heart’s desire, and You have not withheld the request of his lips.     Selah.

For You met him with the blessings of good things; You set a crown of fine gold on his head.

He asked life of You, You gave it to him, length of days forever and ever.

His glory is great through Your Salvation, Splendor and majesty You place upon him.

For You make him most blessed forever; You make him joyful with gladness in your presence.     Psalm 21:1-6 nasu

Did you see Jesus? He is mentioned twice by name and once more as the “Alpha and Omega” in this passage. Let me unmask Him for you.

Salvation. The Hebrew name of our Jesus is Y’shua. The name Y’shua has become a popular way to call upon the name of the Lord in this era. The name is almost always translated from Hebrew as “salvation,” do you see him now?

21:1  O YHVH (LORD) in Your strength the king (David) will be glad, and in Y’shua (Jesus) he will rejoice!

David said that in Y’shua he rejoiced! That is the first unmasking.

21:5 His glory is great through Your salvation, splendor and majesty You place upon him.

Salvation. David recognizes that his worth (glory: a manifestation of deity) is because of Y’shua. Through the ages there have been many kings of multiple nations. Few of them are remembered the way David is. What sets him apart? He tells us that it was Y’shua; it wasn’t the “things”. I agree with him. Psalm 21 declares that YHVH gave David “good things” including the crown of Israel (verse 3). But the “things” were not the desire of David’s heart. Most people fix their eyes on the “things” just as Eve fixed her eye on the beautiful fruit of the forbidden Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Like Eve, we miss what is really valuable, and like Adam, we want what someone else seems to have instead of seeing that our God really is our greatest treasure.

21:6 For You make him most blessed forever; You make him joyful with gladness in Your presence,

‘ot The Aleph and Tav. Have you ever wondered why Y’shua-Jesus said that He is the Alpha and Omega? I have heard a lot of preachers and teachers come up with a lot of different reasons. I will tell you what I know, you can decide if the facts lead to my conclusion.

The “New” Testament sitting in your lap has been translated from the Greek language. The first and last letter of Greek is the Alpha (we get our Latin letter A from it). The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega. Track with me… Salvation (Y’shua-Jesus) is from the Jews. The Jewish language is Hebrew. Throughout the Hebrew Scripture you will find a little word, ‘ot. That word is spelled with the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Aleph, and the last letter of Hebrew, Tav.  When Aleph-Tav is translated to Greek it became Alpha and Omega. Most English translators simply transliterated Alpha and Omega instead of translating it to A and Z. They must have known it was important but did not make the connection.

Hebrew is a unique language. Letters in Greek and English represent sounds. When the letters are put together into words, we readers are able to “sound them out” and speak the written word. Hebrew letters are different. Most of them represent sounds, but not all of them. Aleph, the first letter, does not represent a sound. That is why it is often represented with an apostrophe instead of a letter. (the “o” in this word is from the vowel marker, not from the Aleph) Hebrew words are pictographs of ideas. Aleph represents “Almighty God”. Tav does represent a sound, it is the same sound as our letter “t” but there are two Hebrew letters that make that sound. The more important aspect of Tav is “a sign” from the Almighty. Tav is the cross! When you put them together, you can say that the Aleph and Tav are “the God of the cross” (…and this shall be a sign, the ‘ot, for you… Luke 2:12; the angel was telling the shepherds who the babe is. The sign was not the swaddling cloths, that was just how they would distinguish this baby from all the other babies in Bethlehem)

Three times in the Revelation, Y’shua-Jesus told us that He is the ‘ot, the Aleph-Tav, The God of the cross. But what does that have to do with Psalm 21:6?

The Almighty kept the ‘ot a mystery. You can find it all over the place in the “old” testament. Translators did not know what to do with it. It is in Genesis 1:1 but it is not translated into English. Plenty of times it has been translated “the”. My Hebrew teacher told me that it is usually the “definite article,” but not always. He believes in Jesus the Messiah (a big deal for a Jewish man). When I asked him about the Alpha and Omega, he sat back. I could see him making the connection as he thought it through, but he did not answer me at that moment. It seems that the Almighty kept ‘ot  a mystery to more then just the translators. It is mistranslated in Psalm 21:6 as “with” in kj. In Hebrew the phrase is ‘et-panneykaaPanneykaa, or Paniym (H6440) means “the face” and is translated “presence” or “countenance” in kj. Strong’s says that the word is plural but is always used as a singular word (like many of the words for deity). David says, ‘YHVH (You) makes David (him-the king) joyful with gladness in ‘et-panneykaa (‘et because of a different vowel marker) in the face of the Alaph-Tav is joy! Have you experienced it?

In His presence is fullness of joy!!!

Debs in Everett, Wa. September 21 (Rosh Hashannah) 2017

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Harvesting what I did not plant…

September 12 (1)
I missed the my spring chore season. The tomatoes I started in March, for the most part, did not get planted. Squirrels ate the pea sprouts. I was so busy with school in May that the beans did not get planted, corn did not go in, there wasn’t even a good row of salad greens. The Fava beans I planted while Ray trimmed fruit trees got lost in a weed patch. Depressing. Even so, there seems to be an abundance.

September 12 (2) bean August 1st I was feeling an urgency to get out and plant… AUGUST 1st! The garden is usually on a “harvest only” schedule. It is late for winter crops and I am too busy putting up baskets of tomatoes, beans, cherries, peppers and cucumbers. But I missed my planting target dates this year for different reasons.September 12 (4)

Just add water and seeds. My soil had become hard, disinclined to embrace seeds in the dusty soil. We needed to re-hydrate while it was still drought season. Running sprinklers is not something we like to do, but there was no other way to bring the life back to the garden. Jade II green beans, Soleil yellow beans and our favorite Dragon’s Tongue beans, each got a row of garden space on August 1. Honestly, I was not expecting to harvest beans from such a late planting. It was a roll of the dice. Today I saw tiny beans developing. Hallelujah! We prayed for God to glorify Himself in the garden, but I sort of suspected He was very busy elsewhere. There are moments in life when I feel like the Almighty is showing off His love for me. We also put in cucumbers, as of this morning, they have blossoms that I dare to hope that the Almighty will show off his love again and make ripe cucumbers.

September 12 (5) Volunteer Tomatoes. Like many of you, I am a collector and saver of heirloom vegetable seed. I have a greenhouse and a great collection of tools for seed starting, but the tools only gathered dust this year. Even so, I am eating sweet, Sweetie Cherry Tomatoes by the apron full. I did not plant any this year, so how do I know what they are? They grew in this spot last year. Heirlooms reseed themselves and come back the next year true to type without any fussing from me. God gave them one job, “Be fruitful and multiply” They seem to be really good at glorifying God.

September 12 (6) orchard Apples, pears, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, plums, raspberries, loganberries, cherries, herbs (both medicinal and culinary), cut and come again greens and the best eggs ever. Even if I do not plant another seed, God willing, we will have fresh food. I love reading about Eden. God put the man and his wife into the garden to work it and tend it. That is what we do. We can work it, crowding every unused space for plants that are beautiful and good for food. But we can also have seasons like this one, where we only tend to what is already growing. We still eat, knowing we are loved.

Debs in Everett, Washington… tending this years garden. There is sweat on my brow but it feels good.

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Moments of Doubt

Tuesday, the day before school starts and I was not getting up to go to a teachers meeting. That is never going to happen for me again. I almost couldn’t breath. This is no way for a warrior to start her day.

20170907_061744 Strong coffee and a little bit of time on Face Book. Does anyone care about me? The Almighty answered me… FROM FACE BOOK! His answer came from “Hebrew For Christians” by John Parsons, who posted…

What are you seeking today? The Lord says, “Seek Me that you may live” (Amos 5:4). If you feel empty today, ask God to feed you with His life giving food. Ask Him for energy, power and strength. Seek YHVH and His goodness. He is faithful and true and will surely answer the sincere heart. You will seek Me and find Me when you seek Me with all your heart.” (Jeremiah 29:13)

Well that was nice.

Into the word, which happened to be John chapter 4; I thought it was about some woman at a well. Turns out that it is about Y’shua (Jesus) and the food he eats. “My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to accomplish His work.” (John 4:34)

I was back to thinking that being a teacher was my work, but that is only how I got a check. That isn’t God’s will for me. I was looking at things all wrong. I need to be about the work the Almighty wills me to do. I am not exactly sure yet what that IS but I do know what it isn’t. There was a time, not so long ago, when I sat in my Garden, praising Abba, telling him that I loved the life he had given me (an urban homestead), in fact I loved it so much that if He wanted me to do anything else He would have to drop it into my lap. He did just that, one day later. Now he has lifted it from my lap. I’m picking up from where I was that day. My garden needs some attention, but if this is the Almighty’s will for me then I’ll get it back in order.

20170908_112625 It is September. I am very limited on planting options. Ray is in the midst of making a hoop house for some VERY late winter crops for our farm. (If you look carefully you can see the structure out my office window.) Today, just to start getting dirty, I bought a tiny little philodendron, a small pot and cord to make a hanger (for the plant hook Ray put above my office window.) Before I had children (was that really 40 years ago?) I discovered that this little plant was always forgiving. A good place to start. Even as a tiny baby plantlet it seems cheerful. The next job, straighten up the green house.

20170908_113048

Me oh my! I had a jungle full of weeds growing in my beautiful green house. The outside walls and roof need a good cleaning, but while I build up my energy levels (there is a whole lot of sitting down when you are a teacher on a computer) I settled for cleaning  up the mess inside. I worked my way back, foot by foot. I knew the measurements because one square foot is the size of the bricks that make the path down the center of the green house. Bit by little bit I weeded and straightened my way down the aisle. There was color in the planter box to my right. Could it be? Tomatoes I had started from seed? When my hip hurt too much to get up and down to plant those little baby plants outside, I sat on my garden stool and planted my little tomato plants in the green house planter box. They had not been touched all season long, though Ray told me that he did water the box during the summer. I got the vines under control and harvested the pretty basket of tomatoes in the picture. Persimmons, Brandywine, Black Plum and Stripped Romas. We feasted on Pesto Pasta with some amazing tomatoes. All because the Almighty said, “Be fruitful and multiply” They live up to their calling. Ray was thinking Tomato Sandwiches sounded really good.

September 8, 2017 OAYSE - CAFeI even finished my next Ephesians study.

The will of the Father Ephesians 1:7-10

Debs… praying for Mexico (8.1 earthquake), Huston (still recovering), Everyone in Irma’s path, the firemen and citizens of the NorthWest while everything burns, and for the wisdom and wise counsel of those in DC who need to respond to N Korea. May God have mercy on America and Americans. ….Are you saved?

September 8, 2017

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