Authority: Luke 9:1-5 word study

Strong’s #1849 exousia (ex-oo-see’-ah)

 from 1832 (in the sense of ability);

privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:

In Luke 9:1 we see Y’shua call his chosen 12 together to give them power and authority. A simple reading of the text tells me that they had authority over fallen angelic spirits. I want to take a short look at the word translated “authority” and see if I can glean anything that will give me insight to Luke 9:1-5

In the physical world of men Luke gives us the normal sense of the word exuosia when Paul travels to Damascus to persecute Christians with the “authority” of the chief priests. Even though he has his own agenda, he goes to Damascus with letters that inform the Jews he has the authority of the temple.  Acts 26:12

After fasting for 40 days in the wilderness, Y’shua and the devil have an encounter. The devil is not without authority and the scope of his authority is amazing. In Luke chapter 4 he says to Y’shua:

And the devil took him up, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, and said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory; for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. If you, then, will worship me, it shall all be yours.”
Luke 4:5-7 RSV

The devil apparently has authority over all the kingdoms of the world. It takes my breath away! He is able to give that authority to whomever he wants. Y’shua is also able to give his authority (but never his glory as the devil would)

Soldiers understand being under authority and having authority. They understand that they are not on a mission to do their own will, but to carry out the will of another, whoever their authority is. They use the authority given to them to further carry out the will of the one to whom they are under authority. Never do they “give orders” to perform their own will. Luke gave an example of this in chapter 7:

…therefore I (the centurion) did not presume to come to you (Y’shua). But say the word, and let my servant be healed. For I am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me: and I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my slave, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.” When Jesus heard this he marveled at him, and turned and said to the multitude that followed him, “I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith.”     Luke 7:7-9 RSV

in addition, Luke uses the word exousia to describe:

  • How Y’shua taught the scriptures when compared to the scribes, he taught as one with authority (Luke 4:32)
  • He amazed those who attended Synagogue when he used his authority to set a man free from a demon (Luke 4:36) which got people talking about him
  • At Peter’s house he used his power to heal as a visual aid to help the people understand that he had authority to forgive sin. (Luke 5:24)
  • When the 70 testify that to their amazement, even demons are subject to them, Y’shua reminded them that the authority he gave them allows them to walk on snakes and serpents as well as ALL the power of the enemy yet he cannot hurt them (Luke 10:19)
  • When the message of Y’shua was attracting huge crowds, he warned those close to him to not be afraid of men who could kill the body but to fear the one who not only could kill the body but also had the authority to cast them into hell (Luke 12:5 in context of 12:11)
  • Faithfulness in little (what the king has given you in stewardship) earns authority over much (Luke 19:17)
  • When the chief priests, scribes and elders confront Y’shua in the temple, demanding to know where he got authority to proclaim the gospel, he brought them back to the ministry of John the baptizer and asked them to confess whether they believed John’s mission came from men or from heaven. Politics would not allow them to make a stand. Because of that Y’shua refused to tell them where his authority came from. They would have to figure it out for themselves. (Luke 20:2-8)
  • The chief priests and scribes were afraid of Y’shua. They assigned spies to travel with him hoping to catch him in seditious talk that would force the authority of Rome to deal with him. (Luke 20:20)
  • A time came when the authority of darkness belonged to the chief priests, their temple officers and the elders. At that time, they arrested the Son of YHVH who is the light. (Luke 22:53)

All authority comes from the creator (Romans 13:1 ff). The creator YHVH gave authority over the earth to Adam (Genesis 1:27-30) The serpent was able to take Adam’s authority when Adam violated the command (sinned) of YHVH, lusting after power that had not been given to him (Genesis 3:1-7). In the kingdom of darkness it seems that Satan offers men glory in a position, but he actually gives only bondage to do his will. Even so, men love and fight for their supposed glory. It is why there was conflict in the temple of YHVH when His son came to proclaim the gospel. They demanded to know, where he thought he got his authority. What a shocking question.  

Y’shua alone has the authority to set men free from the bondage of Satan. The twelve who are chosen by Y’shua/Jesus are about to go under the authority of Y’shua. They have been in training since chapter 6 and even before. Now, like the centurion, they are men under authority and have authority to do His will.

Review of word study “power”.

Biblesoft’s New Exhaustive Strong’s Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright (c) 1994, Biblesoft and International Bible Translators, Inc.

S. Zodhiates The Complete Word Study New Testament Copyright (c) 1994 AMG International Inc.

Englishman’s Concordance



Filed under Luke

2 responses to “Authority: Luke 9:1-5 word study

  1. Correction regarding Gen 3:1-7

    1 Tim 2:11-14 – “Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection, for I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.

    For Adam was first formed, then Eve.

    And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.”

    Peace, in spite of the dis-ease(no-peace) that is of this wicked world……. francis

    • The same Paul also said;
      Bid the older men be temperate, serious, sensible, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. Bid the older women likewise to be reverent in behavior, not to be slanderers or slaves to drink; they are to teach what is good, and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, to be sensible, chaste, domestic, kind, and submissive to their husbands, that the word of God may not be discredited. Likewise urge the younger men to control themselves. Titus 2:2-6

      Am I misunderstanding your point? If it is strictly about authority, it is true, Eve was deceived. Adam ate knowing full well what he chose.

      If this is about a woman teaching, bless you for caring.

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